Monday, 17 June 2013

Children Learn When Adults Imitate Them

Children Learn When Adults Imitate Them - World of Psychology

The findings, which are published in Social Development, are presented as further evidence that imitation is a type of social influence and preschoolers, like adults, prefer and trust individuals who mirror their behaviors and preferences.

Children did think that the adult mimicking them was more knowledgeable than the others.

Philosophy — What's the Use?

Philosophy — What's the Use?

In addition to defending our basic beliefs against objections, we frequently need to clarify what our basic beliefs mean or logically entail.

So, if I say I would never kill an innocent person, does that mean that I wouldn’t order the bombing of an enemy position if it might kill some civilians? Does a commitment to democratic elections require one to accept a fair election that puts an anti-democratic party into power?  Answering such questions requires careful conceptual distinctions, for example, between direct and indirect results of actions, or between a morality of intrinsically wrong actions and a morality of consequences. Such distinctions are major philosophical topics, of course, and most non-philosophers won’t be in a position to enter into high-level philosophical discussions.

                                         By GARY GUTTING

Is Forced Fatherhood Fair?: Responsible for unintended results?

Is Forced Fatherhood Fair?

In consenting to sex, neither a man nor a woman gives consent to become a parent, just as in consenting to any activity, one does not consent to yield to all the accidental outcomes that might flow from that activity.

Policies that punish men for accidental pregnancies also punish those children who must manage a lifelong relationship with an absent but legal father. 

These “fathers” are not “dead-beat dads” failing to live up to responsibilities they once took on — they are men who never voluntarily took on the responsibilities of fatherhood with respect to a particular child.

Written by: Laurie Shrage is a professor of philosophy and women’s and gender studies at Florida International University.(New York Times June 12, 2013)

The Myth of 'Just Do It'

The Myth of 'Just Do It'
Improving, especially after you have acquired a high level of skill, typically requires an enormous amount of effort. ...— yet it also involves concentration, thought, deliberation and will power.

The philosophers and psychologists who advocate a just-do-it mentality all admit that during those rare occasions when something goes wrong, performers or athletes need to direct their attention to their actions.

In its “just-do-it” advertising campaign, Nike presumably used the phrase to mean something like, “stop procrastinating, get off your posterior and get the job done.” Interpreted as such, I’m in favor of “just-do-it.”

However, when interpreted as “experts perform best when not thinking about what they are doing,” the idea of just-do-it is a myth.

Thursday, 6 June 2013

Avoiding Emotional Exhaustion: Filling Our Emotional Tank

Avoiding Emotional Exhaustion: Filling Our Emotional Tank - World of Psychology

Signs of emotional exhaustion include, but are not limited to:
  • low tolerance to stress or stressful situations;
  • inattentiveness;
  • lack of motivation; and
  • physical fatigue.
Let’s face it, when we’re emotionally drained we have little tolerance for anything. So what can be done about it?

It’s often hard to be attentive because we are too tired to care. We lack motivation because we are too tired to do anything. Last, but not least we become physically tired because we have worn ourselves out mentally.
It is important to notice these signs of emotional exhaustion to avoid further interpersonal, work, school, or other problems. It is also important to notice these signs to prevent more physical or emotional dangers.

Sculpture of ancient Rome: The shock of the old

Sculpture of ancient Rome: The shock of the old

The Romans loved art full of violence and sex. But where modern viewers see smut and gore, ancient eyes may have seen something different, writes Alastair Sooke.

Ancient Rome was a curious mixture of civilization and barbarism.

Understanding the past is an elusive, ever-changing quest.

Why must French pupils master philosophy?

Why must French pupils master philosophy?

The purpose of teaching philosophy was - and remains, in theory - to complete the education of young men and women and permit them to think. 

To see the universal arguments about the individual and society, God and reason, good and bad and so on, and thus escape from the binding imperatives of the now - by which I mean the dictatorship of whatever ideas are most pressingly forced on us in the day-to-day by government, media, fashion, political correctness and so on.

Chinese Philosophy and Education

Chinese Philosophy and Education

 Philosophy and education are two deeply ingrained facets of Chinese life.
In many ways, education preceded philosophy, for without education there would be no philosophy. But, philosophy had become such an important part of Chinese people’s lives that they formed a symbiotic relationship. One could not exist without the other.